15N tracing reveals preference for different nitrogen forms of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4

Front Microbiol. 2023 Feb 3;14:1102720. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2023.1102720. eCollection 2023.

ABSTRACT

Plant uptake of nitrogen is often associated with increased incidence of banana Fusarium wilt, a disease caused by the soil-borne fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4 (Foc TR4). However, the nitrogen metabolic preferences of Foc TR4 pathogens remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the ecophysiological patterns of Foc TR4 grown on different combinations of organic and inorganic nitrogen. Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) and Rose Bengal Medium (RBM) were used as an organic nitrogen source, which was sequentially replaced with inorganic N (0, 50% or 90%) in the form 15NH4NO3 or NH4 15NO3 to reveal preferential assimilation of ammonium or nitrate. The results showed that mycelium biomass and nitrogen content decreased significantly, while the carbon content and C:N ratio increased in Foc TR4 grown on media containing inorganic nitrogen sources. Mycelium biomass was negatively correlated with C:N ratio. Mycelium 15N abundance increased significantly between the PDA50 + A50/RBM50 + A50 treatments (50% organic nitrogen+50%15NH4NO3) and the PDA10 + A90/RBM10 + A90 treatments (10% organic nitrogen+90%15NH4NO3). These results indicate that the higher C:N ratio reduced mycelium growth by reducing its biomass and diameter and showed that Foc TR4 preferred to use ammonium nitrogen to promote the growth. These findings suggest that treating banana crops with a combination of organic and inorganic (i.e., nitrate) nitrogen could be a better way to defend against Fusarium wilt of banana.

PMID:36819036 | PMC:PMC9936223 | DOI:10.3389/fmicb.2023.1102720

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