A data-driven crop model for maize yield prediction

Commun Biol. 2023 Apr 21;6(1):439. doi: 10.1038/s42003-023-04833-y.


Accurate estimation of crop yield predictions is of great importance for food security under the impact of climate change. We propose a data-driven crop model that combines the knowledge advantage of process-based modeling and the computational advantage of data-driven modeling. The proposed model tracks the daily biomass accumulation process during the maize growing season and uses daily produced biomass to estimate the final grain yield. Computational studies using crop yield, field location, genotype and corresponding environmental data were conducted in the US Corn Belt region from 1981 to 2020. The results suggest that the proposed model can achieve an accurate prediction performance with a 7.16% relative root-mean-square-error of average yield in 2020 and provide scientifically explainable results. The model also demonstrates its ability to detect and separate interactions between genotypic parameters and environmental variables. Additionally, this study demonstrates the potential value of the proposed model in helping farmers achieve higher yields by optimizing seed selection.

PMID:37085696 | PMC:PMC10121691 | DOI:10.1038/s42003-023-04833-y


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