A Multi-Stage Planning Method for Distribution Networks Based on ARIMA with Error Gradient Sampling for Source-Load Prediction

Sensors (Basel). 2022 Nov 1;22(21):8403. doi: 10.3390/s22218403.

ABSTRACT

As the scale of distributed renewable energy represented by wind power and photovoltaic continues to expand and load demand gradually changes, the future evolution of the smart distribution network will be directly driven by both distributed generation and user demand. The smart distribution network contains a wide range of flexible resources, and its flexibility and uncertainty will bring great challenges to grid data acquisition and control feedback. To adapt to the precise control and feedback of smart distribution network access equipment under the high proportion of new energy access and to ensure the safe operation of the system, it is urgent to accelerate the study of the evolution of the future distribution grid based on the existing distribution grid. Hence, a multi-stage planning method for distribution networks based on source-load prediction is proposed in this paper. Firstly, a distribution network source-load prediction method based on the autoregressive integrated moving average model (ARIMA) and error gradient sampling is proposed, using ARIMA to predict the scale of source-load development and error gradient sampling based on the generation of source-load scenarios with error intervals. K-means is further used for scenario reduction, to explore multiple operating scenarios of China’s distribution network source-load, and the unit’s output forecast interval and load demand from 2021 to 2030 for typical regions are derived using rolling forecasts by combining the unit’s output, end-demand and clean energy share over the years. Secondly, the planning model of distribution grid evolution in different stages is constructed to analyze the future evolution form of the distribution grid considering the distribution network’s load cross-section, respectively, and to provide a development path reference for the future construction of distribution grid form in China.

PMID:36366098 | PMC:PMC9654178 | DOI:10.3390/s22218403

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