Heliyon. 2023 Aug 24;9(9):e19451. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e19451. eCollection 2023 Sep.
For Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) systems, the most significant problem is the peak-to-average power ratio. The utilisation of partial transmission sequence, often known as PTS, is an efficient method for reducing PAPR. When it comes to minimizing the peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) in Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) Systems, PTS is one of the most effective approaches that may be used. Due to the substantial data load, using peak-to-average power ratio in OFDM is challenging. The most crucial problem with OFDM is achieving better results by lowering PAPR. Provide a PTS in this research that is based on the Chaotic Biogeography Based Optimization (CBBO) algorithm to effectively address the high PAPR issue that exists in Generalized Frequency Division Multiplexing (GFDM) waveforms using Hermitian Symmetry property is used. The Hermitian symmetry is utilised in order to acquire a real-valued time-domain signal. Phase rotation factor combinations are carried out in an effective and optimal manner through the utilisation of an innovative combination of optimization techniques. In comparison to conventional optimization techniques, a new hybrid optimization offers quick convergence quality and minimal complexity. When compared to traditional PTS methods such traditional GFDM and OFDM-PTS, experimental results demonstrate that the suggested CBBO-PTS technique significantly improves on minimizing PAPR.