A Novel Sphingomonas sp. Isolated from Argan Soil for the Polyhydroxybutyrate Production from Argan Seeds Waste

Polymers (Basel). 2023 Jan 18;15(3):512. doi: 10.3390/polym15030512.


Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) is a biodegradable bio-based polymer synthesized by microorganisms under unfavorable conditions from agro-industrial residues as a source of carbon. These aspects make the bio-based polymer attractive for the mass production of biodegradable plastics, and a definitive replacement for petroleum-based plastics. The aim of this work was to characterize the putative PHB-producing bacterium 1B isolated from the argan soil, to identify the polymer produced, and quantify the PHB production using argan seeds waste. DNA extraction, PCR, and Sanger sequencing were conducted for the molecular identification of strain 1B; the residual biomass and the PHB quantification were measured and compared in the presence of simple sugars and pretreated argan seeds waste. The 1B growth and PHB synthesis were optimized by selecting physical and nutritional parameters: temperature, incubation time, pH, NaCl concentration, and nitrogen sources concentrations. A preliminary characterization of the bio-based polymer extracted was conducted by UV-Visible spectrophotometry and FTIR analysis. The strain 1B was identified as belonging to the genus Sphingomonas. The PHB final yield was higher in a growth culture enriched with argan waste (3.06%) than with simple sugars. The selected conditions for the bacterial optimal growth incremented the PHB final yield to 6.13%, while the increase in the argan residue concentration from 1 to 3% in a larger culture volume led to the PHB final yield of 8.16%. UV-Visible spectrophotometry of the extracted sample reported a remarkable peak at 248 nm, as well as FTIR spectra analysis, showed peaks at 1728 and 1282 wavenumber/cm. Both preliminary characterizations demonstrated that the extracted sample is the bio-based polymer polyhydroxybutyrate. The results reported in this work reveal how the costless available argan seeds can be used for polyhydroxybutyrate production using a novel Sphingomonas species.

PMID:36771813 | DOI:10.3390/polym15030512


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