iScience. 2022 Jun 16;25(7):104619. doi: 10.1016/j.isci.2022.104619. eCollection 2022 Jul 15.
Full-thickness wounds, lacking the epidermis and entire dermis and extending into subcutaneous fat, represent a common treatment challenge. Due to the loss of adnexal structures as a source of keratinocytes, full-thickness wounds healing can only be achieved by re-epithelialization from the wound edge and contraction. Here, we developed a hydrogel composed of chitosan methacrylate (CSMA) and o-nitrosobenzaldehyde-modified gelatin (GelNB) for promoting full-thickness wound healing. The CSMA/GelNB (CM/GN) hydrogels exhibited superior mechanical and adhesive properties than that of pure CSMA hydrogel. In vivo experiments confirmed that CM/GN could promote wound healing by generating more hair follicles and mutual blood vessels, high fibroblasts density, and thicker granulation tissue thickness. In addition, reduced secretions of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and enhanced secretions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) could be observed in regenerated tissues after CM/GN treatment. These results suggested that CM/GN hydrogels could be promising candidates to promote wound healing.