A scoping review on biochar-based fertilizers: enrichment techniques and agro-environmental application

Heliyon. 2021 Nov 29;7(12):e08473. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e08473. eCollection 2021 Dec.

ABSTRACT

Biochar is a carbonized biomass that can be used as a soil amendment. However, the exclusive use of biochar may present some limitations, such as the lack of nutrients. Thus, biochar enrichment techniques have made it possible to obtain biochar-based fertilizers (BCFs), with great potential to improve soil fertility. Nevertheless, there is still a lack of information about the description, advantages, and limitations of the methods used for biochar enrichment. This review provides a comprehensive overview of the production methods of enriched biochar and its performance in agriculture as a soil amendment. Studies demonstrate that the application of BCF is more effective in improving soil properties and crop yields than the exclusive application of pure biochar or other fertilizers. The post-pyrolysis method is the most used technique for enriching biochar. Future studies should focus on understanding the mechanisms of the long-term application of BCFs.

PMID:34917792 | PMC:PMC8646155 | DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e08473

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