Biosensors (Basel). 2023 Feb 3;13(2):225. doi: 10.3390/bios13020225.
A typical colorimetric sandwich-type sensor relies on dual antibodies/aptamers to specifically visualize the targets. The requirement of dual antibodies/aptamers and low signal intensity inevitably increases the design difficulty and compromises the sensing sensitivity. In this work, a novel sandwich-type aptasensor was developed using single aptamer-functionalized magnetic nanoparticles as a specific recognition unit to target cancer cells and a bimetallic metal-organic frameworks (MOFs)-based nanozymes as a colorimetric signal amplification unit. The well-defined crystalline structure of UIO-66 MOFs enabled the introduction of Fe/Zr bimetal nodes, which possessed integrated properties of the peroxidase-like nanozyme activity and direct coordinately binding to the cell surface. Such a novel construction strategy of sandwich-type aptasensors achieved simple, sensitive, and specific detection of the target cancer cells, which will inspire the development of biosensors.
PMID:36831991 | PMC:PMC9954218 | DOI:10.3390/bios13020225