A water cooled, high power, dielectric barrier discharge reactor for CO2 plasma dissociation and valorization studies

Sci Rep. 2023 May 6;13(1):7394. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-33241-9.


Aiming at the energy efficient use and valorization of carbon dioxide in the framework of decarbonization studies and hydrogen research, a novel dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) reactor has been designed, constructed and developed. This test rig with water cooled electrodes is capable of a plasma power tunable in a wide range from 20W to 2 kW per unit. The reactor was designed to be ready for catalysts and membrane integration aiming at a broad range plasma conditions and processes, including low to moderate high pressures (0.05-2 bar). In this paper, preliminary studies on the highly endothermic dissociation of CO2, into O2 and CO, in a pure, inert, and noble gas mixture flow are presented. These initial experiments were performed in a geometry with a 3 mm plasma gap in a chamber volume of 40cm3, where the process pressure was varied from few 200 mbar to 1 bar, using pure CO2, and diluted in N2. Initial results confirmed the well-known trade-off between conversion rate (up to 60%) and energy efficiency (up to 35%) into the dissociation products, as measured downstream of the reactor system. Improving conversion rate, energy efficiency and the trade-off curve can be further accomplished by tuning the plasma operating parameters (e.g. the gas flow and system geometry). It was found that the combination of a high-power, water-cooled plasma reactor, together with electronic and waveform diagnostic, optical emission and mass spectroscopies provides a convenient experimental framework for studies on the chemical storage of fast electric power transients and surges.

PMID:37149694 | PMC:PMC10164120 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-023-33241-9


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