Acetic Acid-Modulated Room Temperature Synthesis of MIL-100 (Fe) Nanoparticles for Drug Delivery Applications

Int J Mol Sci. 2023 Jan 16;24(2):1757. doi: 10.3390/ijms24021757.

ABSTRACT

Due to their flexible composition, large surface areas, versatile surface properties, and degradability, nanoscale metal organic frameworks (nano MOFs) are drawing significant attention in nanomedicine. In particular, iron trimesate MIL-100 (Fe) is studied extensively in the drug delivery field. Nanosized MIL-100 (Fe) are obtained mostly by microwave-assisted synthesis. Simpler, room-temperature (RT) synthesis methods attract growing interest and have scale-up potential. However, the preparation of RT MIL100 is still very challenging because of the high tendency of the nanoparticles to aggregate during their synthesis, purification and storage. To address this issue, we prepared RT MIL100 using acetic acid as a modulator and used non-toxic cyclodextrin-based coatings to ensure stability upon storage. Hydrodynamic diameters less than 100 nm were obtained after RT synthesis, however, ultrasonication was needed to disaggregate the nanoparticles after their purification by centrifugation. The model drug adenosine monophosphate (AMP) was successfully encapsulated in RT MIL100 obtained using acetic acid as a modulator. The coated RT MIL100 has CD-exhibited degradability, good colloidal stability, low cytotoxicity, as well as high drug payload efficiency. Further studies will focus on applications in the field of cancer therapy.

PMID:36675274 | DOI:10.3390/ijms24021757

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