Acidic microenvironment responsive polymeric MOF-based nanoparticles induce immunogenic cell death for combined cancer therapy

J Nanobiotechnology. 2021 Dec 28;19(1):455. doi: 10.1186/s12951-021-01217-4.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The complex tumor microenvironment and non-targeting drugs limit the efficacy of clinical tumor therapy. For ensuring the accurate delivery and maximal effects of anticancer drugs, it is important to develop innovative drug delivery system based on nano-strategies.

RESULT: In this study, an intracellular acidity-responsive polymeric metal organic framework nanoparticle (denoted as DIMP) has been constructed, which can co-deliver the chemotherapy agent of doxorubicin (DOX) and phototherapy agent of indocyanine green (ICG) for breast carcinoma theranostics. Specifically, DIMP possesses a suitable and stable nanometer size and can respond to the acidic microenvironment in cells, thus precisely delivering drugs into target tumor sites and igniting the biological reactions towards cell apoptosis. Following in vivo and in vitro results showed that DIMP could be effectively accumulated in tumor sites and induced powerful immunogenic cell death (ICD) effect.

CONCLUSION: The designed DIMP displayed its effectiveness in combined photo-chemotherapy with auxiliary of ICD effect under a multimodal imaging monitor. Thus, the present MOF-based strategy may offer a potential paradigm for designing drug-delivery system for image-guided synergistic tumor therapy.

PMID:34963499 | DOI:10.1186/s12951-021-01217-4

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