ACS Omega. 2022 Nov 2;7(45):41177-41188. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.2c04800. eCollection 2022 Nov 15.
A carboxylate gadolinium-based metal-organic framework (Gd-MOF) is an exceptional candidate for magnetic resonance imaging agents, but its low drug adsorption capacity hinders this MOF from being used as a theragnostic agent. In this work, the Gd-MOF was synthesized by a simple solvothermal method. Then, different activation situations, including various solvents over different time periods, were applied to enhance the specific surface area of the synthesized MOF. Different characterization analyses such as X-ray diffraction and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller along with experimental quercetin adsorption tests were done to study the crystalline and physical properties of various activated MOFs. In the following, the MOF activated by ethanol for 3 days (3d-E) was chosen as the best activated MOF due to its crystallinity, highest specific surface area, and drug adsorption capacity. More explorations were done for the selected MOF, including the drug adsorption isotherm, thermodynamics, and pH effect of adsorption. The results show that the activation process substantially affects the crystallinity, morphology, specific surface area, and drug adsorption capacity of Gd-MOFs. An optimized activation condition is proposed in this work, which shows an impressive enhancement of the specific surface area of Gd-MOFs just by simple solvent exchange method employment.