RSC Adv. 2023 Aug 11;13(34):24093-24111. doi: 10.1039/d3ra03871h. eCollection 2023 Aug 4.
Benzoxazole is a resourceful and important member of the heteroarenes that connects synthetic organic chemistry to medicinal, pharmaceutical, and industrial areas. It is a bicyclic planar molecule and is the most favorable moiety for researchers because it has been extensively used as a starting material for different mechanistic approaches in drug discovery. The motif exhibits a high possibility of broad substrate scope and functionalization to offer several biological activities like anti-microbial, anti-fungal, anti-cancer, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory effects, and so on. There has been a large upsurge in the synthesis of benzoxazole via different pathways. The present article presents recent advances in synthetic strategies for benzoxazole derivatives since 2018. A variety of well-organized synthetic methodologies for benzoxazole using 2-aminophenol with aldehydes, ketones, acids, alcohols, isothiocyanates, ortho-esters, and alkynones under different reaction conditions and catalysts, viz. nanocatalysts, metal catalysts, and ionic liquid catalysts, with other miscellaneous techniques has been summarized.