Ag-embedded manganese oxide octahedral molecular sieve (Ag-OMS-2) nano-rods as efficient heterogeneous catalysts for hydration of nitriles to amides in aqueous solution

RSC Adv. 2023 Mar 1;13(10):6909-6918. doi: 10.1039/d3ra00292f. eCollection 2023 Feb 21.


Silver-embedded manganese oxide octahedral molecular sieve (Ag-OMS-2) nano-rods were synthesized using a pre-incorporation approach, and unambiguously characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). A highly uniform distribution of Ag nanoparticles embedded in the porous structure of OMS-2, was found to be in favor of high catalytic activity of the composite for hydration of nitriles to corresponding amides in aqueous solution. By using a catalyst dosage of 30 mg per mmol of substrate, in the temperature range of 80-100 °C, and reaction times of 4-9 h, excellent yields (73-96%) of the desired amides (13 examples) were obtained. Also, the catalyst was easy to recycle, and showed a slight decrease in efficiency after six consecutive runs.

PMID:36874936 | PMC:PMC9977403 | DOI:10.1039/d3ra00292f


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