Al-Doped Octahedral Cu2O Nanocrystal for Electrocatalytic CO2 Reduction to Produce Ethylene

Int J Mol Sci. 2023 Aug 11;24(16):12680. doi: 10.3390/ijms241612680.


Ethylene is an ideal CO2 product in an electrocatalytic CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR) with high economic value. This paper synthesised Al-doped octahedral Cu2O (Al-Cu2O) nanocrystal by a simple wet chemical method. The selectivity of CO2RR products was improved by doping Al onto the surface of octahedral Cu2O. The Al-Cu2O was used as an efficient electrocatalyst for CO2RR with selective ethylene production. The Al-Cu2O exhibited a high % Faradic efficiency (FEC2H4) of 44.9% at -1.23 V (vs. RHE) in CO2 saturated 0.1 M KHCO3 electrolyte. Charge transfer from the Al atom to the Cu atom occurs after Al doping in Cu2O, optimizing the electronic structure and facilitating CO2RR to ethylene production. The DFT calculation showed that the Al-Cu2O catalyst could effectively reduce the adsorption energy of the *CHCOH intermediate and promote the mass transfer of charges, thus improving the FEC2H4. After Al doping into Cu2O, the center of d orbitals shift positively, which makes the d-band closer to the Fermi level. Furthermore, the density of electronic states increases due to the interaction between Cu atoms and intermediates, thus accelerating the electrochemical CO2 reduction process. This work proved that the metal doping strategy can effectively improve the catalytic properties of Cu2O, thus providing a useful way for CO2 cycling and green production of C2H4.

PMID:37628877 | PMC:PMC10454826 | DOI:10.3390/ijms241612680


Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *