Nanomaterials (Basel). 2022 Jul 14;12(14):2414. doi: 10.3390/nano12142414.
In today’s age of resource scarcity, the low-cost development and utilization of renewable energy, e.g., hydrogen energy, have attracted much attention in the world. In this work, cheap natural halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) were modified with γ-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES), and the functionalized HNTs were used as to support metal (Pd, Au, Ag) catalysts for dehydrogenation of formic acid (DFA). The supports and fabricated catalysts were characterized with ICP, FT-IR, XRD, XPS and TEM. The functional groups facilitate the anchoring of metal particles to the supports, which brings about the high dispersion of metallic particles in catalysts. The catalysts show high activity against DFA and exhibit selectivity of 100% toward H2 at room temperature or less. The interactions between active centers and supports were investigated by evaluation and comparison of the catalytic performances of Pd/NH2-HNTs, PdAg/NH2-HNTs and PdAu/NH2-HNTs for DFA.