Amorphous Redox-Rich Polysulfides for Mg Cathodes

JACS Au. 2021 Jun 29;1(8):1266-1274. doi: 10.1021/jacsau.1c00144. eCollection 2021 Aug 23.


The lack of appropriate cathodes is restraining the advances of Mg batteries. Crystalline cathode materials suffer from sluggish reaction kinetics and low-capacity delivery. The finite type of crystalline structure further confines the rational design of cathode materials. Herein, we proposed amorphization and anion enrichment as a brand-new strategy to not only enhance the solid-state ion diffusion and provide more ion-storage sites in amorphous structure but also contribute to the local transfer of multiple electrons through the additional anionic redox centers. Accordingly, a series of amorphous titanium polysulfides (a-TiS x , x = 2, 3, and 4) were designed, which significantly outperformed their crystalline counterparts and achieved a highly competitive energy density of ∼260 Wh/kg. The unique Mg2+ storage mechanism involves the dissociation/formation of S-S bonds and changes in the coordination number of Ti, namely, a mixture of conversion and intercalation reaction, accompanied by the joint cationic (Ti) and anionic (S) redox-rich chemistry. Our proposed amorphous and redox-rich design philosophy might provide an innovative direction for developing high-performance cathode materials for multivalent-ion batteries.

PMID:34467364 | PMC:PMC8397358 | DOI:10.1021/jacsau.1c00144


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