An allometric model-based approach for estimating biomass in seven Indian bamboo species in western Himalayan foothills, India

Sci Rep. 2022 May 9;12(1):7527. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-11394-3.

ABSTRACT

The rapid growth rate, high biomass production, and annual harvesting make bamboo a suitable species for commercial production. Allometric equations for many broadleaf and conifer tree species are available. However, knowledge of biomass production and allometric equations of bamboos is limited. This study aims to develop species- specific allometric models for predicting biomass and synthetic height values as a proxy variable for seven bamboo species in Himalayan foothills. Two power form-based allometric models were used to predict aboveground and culm biomass using diameter at breast height (D) alone and D combined with culm height (H) as an independent variable. This study also extended to establishing an H-D allometric model that can be used to generate synthetic H values as a proxy to missing H. In the seven bamboo species studied, among three major biomass components (culm, branch and foliage), culm is the most important component with the highest share (69.56-78.71%). The distribution of percentage (%) share of culm, branch and foliage to above-ground fresh weight varies significantly between different bamboo species. D. hamiltonii has the highest productivity for above-ground biomass components. Ratio of dry to fresh weight of seven bamboo species was estimated for culm, branch, foliage and above-ground biomass to convert fresh weight to dry weight.

PMID:35534634 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-022-11394-3

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