An efficient, catalyst-free and aqueous ethanol-mediated synthesis of 5-((2-aminothiazol-5-yl)(phenyl)methyl)-6-hydroxypyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione derivatives and their antioxidant activity

RSC Adv. 2023 Aug 16;13(35):24466-24473. doi: 10.1039/d3ra03998f. eCollection 2023 Aug 11.


In this study, we effectively developed a catalyst-free multicomponent synthesis of 5-((2-aminothiazol-5-yl)(phenyl)methyl)-6-hydroxypyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione derivatives employing 2-aminothiazole, N’,N’-dimethyl barbituric acid/barbituric acid and different aldehydes at 80 °C in an aqueous ethanol medium (1 : 1) using group-assisted purification (GAP) chemistry. The essential characteristics of this methodology include superior green credential parameters, metal-free multicomponent synthesis, faster reaction times, greater product yields, simple product purification without column chromatography and higher product yields. All of the synthesized compounds were analyzed against the HepG2 cell line. Compounds 4j and 4k shows good anti-proliferative effects on HepG2 cells. Furthermore, the ABTS and DPPH scavenging assays were used to determine the antioxidant activity of all compounds (4a-r). In both ABTS and DPPH radical scavenging assays, compounds 4e, 4i, 4j, 4o and 4r exhibit excellent potency compared to the standard ascorbic acid.

PMID:37593670 | PMC:PMC10427891 | DOI:10.1039/d3ra03998f


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