An intelligent cooling material modified with carbon dots for evaporative cooling and UV absorption

Nanoscale Adv. 2022 Aug 16;4(19):4169-4174. doi: 10.1039/d2na00380e. eCollection 2022 Sep 27.

ABSTRACT

The emergence of cooling technology has brought about huge social benefits to society, but it is also accompanied by the serious problem of energy consumption. In countries close to the equator, intense solar radiation is accompanied by unbearable high temperatures and strong ultraviolet radiation. Therefore, we prepared a simple hydrogel with good evaporative cooling, which can work continuously and has good UV absorption, to solve the indoor cooling and UV radiation problems. Polyacrylamide (PAM) in the hydrogel provides a mechanically strong backbone, and polyethylene glycol (PEG) slows water loss and provides the hydrogel with the ability to reflect infrared light. Lithium bromide (LiBr) is a highly efficient water vapor absorbent, which can provide the hydrogel with water regeneration capability. Carbon dots (CDs) can provide excellent UV absorption for hydrogels, and CDs (4.28 kJ kg-1 K-1) have a higher specific heat capacity than water (4.20 kJ kg-1 K-1), which can store more heat for a better indoor cooling effect. The composite hydrogel has a good prospect of application in the windows of residential and high-rise buildings.

PMID:36285225 | PMC:PMC9514565 | DOI:10.1039/d2na00380e

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