Sens Actuators B Chem. 2022 Jan 1;350:130853. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2021.130853. Epub 2021 Sep 30.
Baicalin (Bn) obtained from natural plants has been found to exhibit significant antiviral activity against Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Herein, a novel ultrasensitive Bn electrochemical sensor was proposed based on graphitized carbon-nitride – single-walled carbon nanotube nanocomposites (C3N4-SWCNTs), reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and electrodeposited cyclodextrin-metal organic framework (CD-MOF). The sensing nanomaterials were characterized by X-ray diffraction spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. Under optimal conditions, the sensor exhibited sensitive detection of Bn in a wide linear range of 1 × 10-9-5 × 10-7 M with an LOD of 4.6 × 10-10 M and a sensitivity of 220 A/M, and it showed satisfactory stability and accuracy for detecting Bn in real samples (human serum and bear bile scutellaria eye drops). In addition, the electrochemical reaction sites and redox mechanism of Bn were revealed through electrochemical behavior and density functional theory. This work provided an insightful solution for detecting Bn, and extensive potential applications could be further expected.