J Oral Sci. 2023;65(1):53-56. doi: 10.2334/josnusd.22-0268.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the reaction products formed by application of three tooth etchants to hydroxyapatite.
METHODS: Tooth etchants with three different compositions, designed for application to teeth before dental adhesive – ” K-etchant GEL” (containing phosphoric acid), “Enamel Conditioner” (containing organic acids), and “Multi Etchant” (containing acidic monomer) – were applied to hydroxyapatite plates.
RESULTS: Atomic force microscopy measurements revealed that Multi Etchant formed nano-sized particles on the hydroxyapatite. X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer analyses of the powdered hydroxyapatite indicated that Enamel Conditioner produced calcium tartrate whereas K-etchant GEL generated monetite. These results indicated that each etchant reacted with hydroxyapatite in a different way.
CONCLUSION: Not only differences among the etching ability of etchants, but also differences in the reaction compounds they produce may influence bonding performance in clinical practice.