Anti-infection mechanism of a novel dental implant made of titanium-copper (TiCu) alloy and its mechanism associated with oral microbiology

Bioact Mater. 2021 Jun 16;8:381-395. doi: 10.1016/j.bioactmat.2021.05.053. eCollection 2022 Feb.

ABSTRACT

This work was focused on study of anti-infection ability and its underlying mechanism of a novel dental implant made of titanium-copper (TiCu) alloy. In general, most studies on antibacterial implants have used a single pathogen to test their anti-infection ability using infectious animal models. However, dental implant-associated infections are polymicrobial diseases. We innovatively combine the classic ligature model in dogs with sucrose-rich diets to induce oral infections via the canine native oral bacteria. The anti-infection ability, biocompatibility and underlying mechanism of TiCu implant were systematically investigated in comparison with pure Ti implant via general inspection, hematology, imageology (micro-CT), microbiology (16S rDNA and metagenome), histology, and Cu ion detections. Compared with Ti implant, TiCu implant demonstrated remarkable anti-infection potentials with excellent biocompatibility. Additionally, the underlying anti-infection mechanism of TiCu implant was considered to involve maintaining the oral microbiota homeostasis. It was found that the carbohydrates in the plaques formed on the surface of TiCu implant were metabolized through the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA) cycles, which prevented the formation of an acidic microenvironment and inhibited the accumulation of acidogens and pathogens, thereby maintaining the microflora balance between aerobic and anaerobic bacteria.

PMID:34541408 | PMC:PMC8429474 | DOI:10.1016/j.bioactmat.2021.05.053

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