Articular fibrocartilage-targeted therapy by microtubule stabilization

Sci Adv. 2022 Nov 16;8(46):eabn8420. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abn8420. Epub 2022 Nov 18.

ABSTRACT

The fibrocartilage presented on the joint surface was caused by cartilage injury or degeneration. There is still a lack of effective strategies for fibrocartilage. Here, we hypothesized that the fibrocartilage could be viewed as a raw material for the renewal of hyaline cartilage and proposed a previously unidentified strategy of cartilage regeneration, namely, “fibrocartilage hyalinization.” Cytoskeleton remodeling plays a vital role in modifying the cellular phenotype. We identified that microtubule stabilization by docetaxel repressed cartilage fibrosis and increased the hyaline cartilage extracellular matrix. We further designed a fibrocartilage-targeted negatively charged thermosensitive hydrogel for the sustained delivery of docetaxel, which promoted fibrocartilage hyalinization in the cartilage defect model. Moreover, the mechanism of fibrocartilage hyalinization by microtubule stabilization was verified as the inhibition of Sparc (secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine). Together, our study suggested that articular fibrocartilage-targeted therapy in situ was a promising strategy for hyaline cartilage repair.

PMID:36399569 | DOI:10.1126/sciadv.abn8420

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