Association Mapping and Expression Analysis of the Genes Involved in the Wood Formation of Poplar

Int J Mol Sci. 2023 Aug 10;24(16):12662. doi: 10.3390/ijms241612662.


Xylogenesis is a complex and sequential biosynthetic process controlled by polygenes. Deciphering the genetic architecture of this complex quantitative trait could provide valuable information for increasing wood biomass and improving its properties. Here, we performed genomic resequencing of 64 24-year-old trees (64 hybrids of section Aigeiros and their parents) grown in the same field and conducted full-sib family-based association analyses of two growth and six woody traits using GEMMA as a choice of association model selection. We identified 1342 significantly associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), 673 located in the region upstream and downstream of 565 protein-encoding genes. The transcriptional regulation network of secondary cell wall (SCW) biosynthesis was further constructed based on the published data of poplar miRNA, transcriptome, and degradome. These provided a certain scientific basis for the in-depth understanding of the mechanism of poplar timber formation and the molecular-assisted breeding in the future.

PMID:37628843 | PMC:PMC10454019 | DOI:10.3390/ijms241612662


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