Regen Biomater. 2023 Feb 20;10:rbad010. doi: 10.1093/rb/rbad010. eCollection 2023.
Inflammation manipulation and extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling for healthy tissue regeneration are critical requirements for tissue engineering scaffolds. To this end, the bioactive polycaprolactone (PCL)-based scaffolds are fabricated to release aprotinin and thymosin β4 (Tβ4) in a programmable manner. The core part of the fiber is composed of hyaluronic acid and Tβ4, and the shell is PCL, which is further coated with heparin/gelatin/aprotinin to enhance biocompatibility. The in vitro assay demonstrates that the controlled release of aprotinin prevents initial excessive inflammation. The subsequent release of Tβ4 after 3 days induces the transition of macrophages from M1 into M2 polarization. The manipulation of inflammatory response further controls the expression of transforming growth factor-β and fibroblast activation, which oversee the quantity and quality of ECM remodeling. In addition, the gradual degradation of the scaffold allows cells to proliferate within the platform. In vivo implant evaluation convinces that PCL-based scaffolds possess the high capability to control the inflammatory response and restore the ECM to normal conditions. Hence, our work paves a new way to develop tissue engineering scaffolds for inflammation manipulation and ECM remodeling with peptide-mediated reactions.
PMID:36852398 | PMC:PMC9960911 | DOI:10.1093/rb/rbad010