Biogas from aquatic plants: A bioenergetics incentive for constructed wetlands usage

Heliyon. 2022 Dec 26;9(2):e12537. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e12537. eCollection 2023 Feb.


Our study demonstrated the energy gains when using biomass from three macrophyte, used commonly in constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment, the water hyacinth, cattail, and dwarf papyrus, as a substrate for biogas generation. The biochemical methane potential for the three biomass was evaluated in batch and at bench at 37 °C. A kinetic analysis of anaerobic digestion was also conducted for these substrates, evaluating the biogas composition and energy potential. Anaerobic digestion resulted in 94.27, and 25 mLCH4/gVSsubstrate of dry mass; and 19,569.65, 5617.88, and 6068.45 kJ/t of cattail, water hyacinth, and dwarf papyrus, respectively. Biomass from water hyacinth did sustain the fastest degradation, indicating that models considering the lag phase are more adequate to evaluate the anaerobic digestion of this type of substrate. Higher digestion speed resulted in the generation of 2901.88 kJ/t more energy with biomass from water hyacinth versus cattail, highlighting its value for use in constructed wetlands.

PMID:36820048 | PMC:PMC9937903 | DOI:10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e12537


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