Bioinspired Interfacial Spontaneous Growth of ZnO Nanocatalysts onto Recycled Textiles as a Sustainable Approach for Water Purification

Glob Chall. 2022 Nov 14;7(2):2200110. doi: 10.1002/gch2.202200110. eCollection 2023 Feb.


Zinc oxide, as a commonly used photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants, typically shows limitations in wastewater treatment, such as aggregation and recycling problems caused by nanoscale dimensions and inappropriate substrates. Anchoring ZnO on substrates is a strategy to obtain stable catalytic performance. Particularly, natural fibers with hollow structures are an attractive alternative for ecological and economical ZnO loading templates, but depositing ZnO onto hollowed fiber surfaces presents a challenge. Here, a straightforward in situ growth method for producing nanostructured zinc oxide on cotton fibers from recycled garments is reported. The modified polydopamine on the fiber surface captures the catalyst required for in situ growth of ZnO and serves as a platform for spontaneous catalytic crystal growth on the fiber surface. The ZnO nanocrystals are uniformly dispersed on the outer and inner walls of cotton fibers, demonstrating excellent durability in wastewater treatments. Moreover, the photocatalytic performance of functional fibers is optimized by doping Ag nanoparticles to improve degradation efficiency. This can extend the prospect of further applications of developed ZnO/fibers in optoelectronics, spintronics, and provide inspiration for recycling and upgrading of used garments.

PMID:36778782 | PMC:PMC9900724 | DOI:10.1002/gch2.202200110


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