This article summarized the reviews and research articles published in Chinese Journal of Biotechnology in the field of biomanufacturing in 2021. The article covered major chassis cells such as Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Corynebacterium glutamicum, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, filamentous fungi, non-model bacteria and non-conventional yeasts. Moreover, this article summarized the advances in the production of amino acids, organic acids, vitamins, higher alcohols, natural compounds (terpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids), antibiotics, enzymes and enzyme-catalyzed products, biopolymers, as well as the utilization of biomass and one-carbon materials. The key technologies used in the construction of cell factories, such as regulation, evolution, and high-throughput screening, were also included. This article may help the readers better understand the R & D trend in biomanufacturing driven by engineered microbes.