Biomass: Renewable carbon resource for chemical and energy industry

Innovation (N Y). 2021 Nov 9;3(1):100184. doi: 10.1016/j.xinn.2021.100184. eCollection 2022 Jan 25.

ABSTRACT

Chemistry is indispensable for the elaboration of all products used in everyday life, such as manufactured goods, materials, fuels and devices for energy, construction, transportation, foods, pharmaceutical products, personal care products, and devices for communication. Considering the broadness of this sector and its necessary growth for ensuring development and technical progress to an increasing world population, the time has come for a new chemical era in which the environmental impact of chemical products, in terms of hazards, life cycle, carbon footprint, and sustainability of resources, is minimized. Utilization of biomass to produce chemicals, energy products, and materials is an important route toward sustainable development. This perspective gives a brief overview of the use of biomass as a renewable resource, analyzing its evolution over the years in terms of motives and societal issues, highlighting the seminal contributions, and stressing how the remaining challenges will require contributions from all facets of the chemical sciences.

PMID:34977834 | PMC:PMC8688719 | DOI:10.1016/j.xinn.2021.100184

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