Biomechanical Properties and Biocompatibility of Implant-Supported Full Arch Fixed Prosthesis Substructural Materials

Niger J Clin Pract. 2021 Sep;24(9):1373-1379. doi: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_666_20.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the fracture resistance, biocompatibility, hardness, and transverse strength of non-precious metal alloy (chromium-cobalt; Cr-Co), titanium (Ti), zirconia (Zr), polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), and polyetheretherketone (PEEK) when employed as substructure materials according to the implant supported full arch fixed prosthesis treatment concept.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 150 Cr-Co, Ti, Zr, PMMA, and PEEK samples (n = 30 per material) measuring 25 × 2 × 2 mm in size were produced. Of the samples, 50 (n = 10 for each material, all having dimensions of 6 × 3 mm) were subjected to biocompatibility tests. The Vickers hardness test and three-point bending test were performed; fracture resistance measurements were taken and the biocompatibility of the samples was evaluated by the XTT assay.

RESULTS: Vickers hardness was highest for Zr (p < 0.05). PEEK and PMMA had the lowest (and similar) fracture resistance values (p < 0.05). Cell proliferation on the surfaces of the materials was similar between PEEK and Zr (p > 0.05), which were the most biocompatible materials.

CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this study, the most favorable materials in terms of biocompatibility were found as PEEK and Zr. When biomechanical properties are evaluated, the most durable materials can be specified as Cr-Co and Zr. Also, further studies are needed to improve material stability.

PMID:34531352 | DOI:10.4103/njcp.njcp_666_20

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