Biomedical applications of magnetosomes: State of the art and perspectives

Bioact Mater. 2023 May 11;28:27-49. doi: 10.1016/j.bioactmat.2023.04.025. eCollection 2023 Oct.


Magnetosomes, synthesized by magnetotactic bacteria (MTB), have been used in nano- and biotechnological applications, owing to their unique properties such as superparamagnetism, uniform size distribution, excellent bioavailability, and easily modifiable functional groups. In this review, we first discuss the mechanisms of magnetosome formation and describe various modification methods. Subsequently, we focus on presenting the biomedical advancements of bacterial magnetosomes in biomedical imaging, drug delivery, anticancer therapy, biosensor. Finally, we discuss future applications and challenges. This review summarizes the application of magnetosomes in the biomedical field, highlighting the latest advancements and exploring the future development of magnetosomes.

PMID:37223277 | PMC:PMC10200801 | DOI:10.1016/j.bioactmat.2023.04.025


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