Front Chem. 2022 Jul 19;10:967589. doi: 10.3389/fchem.2022.967589. eCollection 2022.
The background value of iron in red soil is superior, primarily absorbed and homogeneously encapsulated in harvested biomass. However, this property on the high-value utilization of bionic iron-encapsulated biomass remains unknown. In this study, special biochar (Fe@BC) was obtained from this kind of biomass by one-step pyrolysis method, which was further used to activate peroxydisulfate (PDS) and degrade 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP). The results showed that Fe3O4 was formed and homogeneously embedded in biochar at 500oC. Comparing to catalysts prepared by impregnation pyrolysis (Fe/BC), Fe@BC exhibited excellent degradation performance (90.9%, k = 0.0037 min-1) for 2,4-DCP. According to the free radicals quenching studies, hydroxyl radicals (·OH) and superoxide radicals (·O2-) were the dominant reactive oxygen species (ROS) in Fe@BC/PDS system. Importantly, a PDS adsorption model was established, and the electron transport and PDS activation in the core-shell structure were demonstrated by DFT calculations. Therefore, this study could supply a high-performance catalyst and significant implications for high-value biomass utilization in red soil.