Catalyst- and Additive-Free C(sp3)-H Functionalization of (Thio)barbituric Acids via C-5 Dehydrogenative Aza-Coupling Under Ambient Conditions

ACS Omega. 2022 Aug 17;7(34):30051-30063. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.2c03073. eCollection 2022 Aug 30.

ABSTRACT

A one-pot room-temperature-based three-component reaction strategy has been accomplished to access a new series of bio-relevant barbituric/2-thiobarbituric acid hydrazones from the reaction between barbituric/2-thiobarbituric acids, primary aromatic amines, and tert-butyl nitrite in an acetonitrile solvent, without the aid of any catalysts/additives. The ambient reaction conditions can efficiently implement the C(sp3)-H functionalization of barbituric/2-thiobarbituric acids via C-5 dehydrogenative aza-coupling. The process does not require column chromatographic purification; pure products are obtained by simple filtration of the resulting reaction mixture, followed by washing the crude residue with distilled water. The catalyst-free ambient reaction conditions, operational simplicity, broad substrate scope and tolerance for various functional groups, no need for chromatographic purification, good to excellent yields of products within reasonable reaction times in minutes, clean reaction profile, and gram-scale synthetic applicability make this procedure attractive, green, and cost-effective.

PMID:36061699 | PMC:PMC9434791 | DOI:10.1021/acsomega.2c03073

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