ACS Omega. 2022 Dec 9;7(50):46452-46465. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.2c05155. eCollection 2022 Dec 20.
A series of nitrogen-doped porous carbon nanosheets (NPCNs) doped with transition-metal-supported Pt catalysts were prepared by colloidal deposition and evaluated for the selective oxidation of glycerol to glyceric acid (GLYA) under nonalkaline conditions. The transition metal contained in the catalyst was found to affect its performance and selectivity for GLYA, with the Pt/Zr@NPCN catalyst showing the highest catalytic activity and selectivity. These materials were characterized using Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area analysis, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and CO2 temperature-programmed desorption. The results showed that the small size of the Pt nanoparticles, the interaction between the Pt nanoparticles and the support, and the unique textural properties of the catalyst all promoted glycerol conversion and GLYA selectivity. A Zr concentration of 1.5 wt % and a support preparation temperature of 800 °C were found to provide a catalyst with the optimal performance that exhibited a glycerol conversion and selectivity for GLYA of 68.62 and 77.29%, respectively, at an initial O2 pressure of 10 bar and 60 °C after 6 h. Even after being recycled five times, this material provided a GLYA selectivity of approximately 75%, although the glycerol conversion decreased from 68 to 50%. The insights may provide new suggestions on the design of efficient support for the selective oxidation of polyols.