CdSe-Co3O4@TiO2 nanoflower-based photoelectrochemical platform probing visible light-driven virus detection

Mikrochim Acta. 2023 Jan 6;190(1):46. doi: 10.1007/s00604-022-05623-9.


The design and construction of a visible light-driven photoelectrochemical (PEC) device is described based on a CdSe-Co3O4@TiO2 nanoflower (NF). Moreover, an application to the ultrasensitive detection of viruses, such as hepatitis E virus (HEV), HEV-like particles (HEV-LPs), and SARS-CoV-2 spike protein in complicated lysate solution, is demonstrated. The photocurrent response output of a PEC device based on CdSe-Co3O4@TiO2 is enhanced compared with the individual components, TiO2 and CdSe-Co3O4. This can be attributed to the CdSe quantum dot (QD) sensitization effect and strong visible light absorption to improve overall system stability. A robust oxygen-evolving catalyst (Co3O4) coupled at the hole-trapping site (CdSe) extends the interfacial carrier lifetime, and the energy conversion efficiency was improved. The effective hybridization between the antibody and virus resulted in a linear relationship between the change in photocurrent density and the HEV-LP concentration ranging from 10 fg mL-1 to 10 ng mL-1, with a detection limit of 3.5 fg mL-1. This CdSe-Co3O4@TiO2-based PEC device achieved considerable sensitivity, good specificity, and acceptable stability and demonstrated a significant ability to develop an upgraded device with affordable and portable biosensing capabilities.

PMID:36604350 | PMC:PMC9816014 | DOI:10.1007/s00604-022-05623-9


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