Characterization of the physico-chemical properties of the natural habitat and in vitro culture effects on the biochemistry, proliferation and morphology of Lemna minuta

BMC Plant Biol. 2023 May 3;23(1):234. doi: 10.1186/s12870-023-04249-0.


In this study, the ecological conditions of the natural habitat of Lemna minuta Kunth in Morocco were investigated, and the impact of five synthetic growth media (Murashige-Skoog (MS), Schenk-Hildebrand (SH), Hoagland medium (HM), 10X Algal Assay Procedure (AAP), and Swedish Standard Institute medium (SIS)) on the morphophysiological and biochemical parameters was analysed. The morphophysiological parameters included root length, frond surface area, and fresh weight, while the biochemical parameters included photosynthetic pigments, carbohydrates, and protein content. The study was conducted in vitro in two phases: an uncontrolled aeration system (Phase I) and a controlled aeration system (Phase II).The results showed that the pH, conductivity, salinity, and ammonium levels in the natural habitat were within the optimal range for duckweed growth. The measured orthophosphate concentrations were higher compared to previous observations, while the recorded chemical oxygen demand values were low. The study also revealed a significant effect of the culture medium composition on the morphophysiological and biochemical parameters of the duckweed. The fresh weight biomass, relative growth rate in fronds, relative growth rate in surface area, root length, protein content, carbohydrates, chlorophyll (a), chlorophyll (b), total chlorophyll, carotenoids, and the chlorophyll (a/b) ratio were all affected by the culture medium.The most accurate regression models described the growth index GI(F) based on time and in vitro culture conditions in both phases. In Phase I, the best models for MS, SIS, AAP, and SH media were linear, weighted quadratic, cubic, and weighted cubic, respectively. In Phase II, the best models for all growth media were linear. The time coefficients (in days) for Phase II were 0.321, 0.547, 1.232, 1.470, and 0.306 for AAP, HM, MS, SH, and SIS, respectively.Comparing the morphophysiological and biochemical parameters of fronds from different media and analysing the regression model results showed that the SH and MS media were the best among the tested media for the in vitro culture of L. minuta in controlled aeration conditions. However, further research is needed to develop new synthetic media that best promote the growth and maintenance of this duckweed in long-term culture.

PMID:37138221 | DOI:10.1186/s12870-023-04249-0


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