Sci Rep. 2022 Dec 27;12(1):22401. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-27070-5.
Urban climate influences economic activities and the health and safety of urban residents. Therefore, monitoring temperature in urban areas is important. However, owing to the lack of space for an appropriate observation site, an automatic weather station (AWS) was installed on a building rooftop. The rooftop installation can indicate temperature differences depending on the intensity of strong solar radiation and radiant heat of the building, and wind speed. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to provide observation standards for measuring rooftop temperature according to the optimal rooftop material and observation height. Specifically, an AWS was installed on the rooftop of the Gochang Standard Weather Station (GSWO), Jeollabuk-do Province, to observe the urban climate in South Korea and establish suitable weather standards. Different temperatures, optimum surface materials, and optimum heights for measuring the temperature at the rooftop of GSWO were investigated and compared over 1 year. The temperature recorded after installing a palm mat on the rooftop was more similar to that observed in the grassland. Furthermore, the installation height of the temperature sensor of 2.5-3.0 m for the palm mat and 3.5-4.0 m for concrete was found to be the optimal height for observing temperature at the rooftop.