Sci Rep. 2022 Nov 21;12(1):19997. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-24569-9.
A fully hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated stem such as Corail stem, that compacts the cancellous bone around the stem in total hip arthroplasty (THA), is reported to have good long-term results for more than 20 years. Although various fully HA-coated stems have being used recently, it is unclear whether there are differences in the postoperative outcomes. In this study, 224 patients (234 hips) with THA using either the Corail collarless stem or the Hydra stem were enrolled. And then we performed a retrospective comparison of the data at 2 years postoperatively using propensity score matching analysis. The postoperative modified Harris hip scores in 84 hips each group were 93.6 ± 8.2 points in the Corail group and 92.8 ± 10.1 points in the Hydra group, and there was no significant difference between the two groups. However, there was significantly less stem subsidence and rate of 3rd degree or greater stress shielding in the Corail group. Although these two stems were similar collarless fully HA-coated stems and clinical outcomes were favorable results in both groups at 2 years postoperatively, radiographic evaluations showed statistically significant differences between the two groups.