Int J Hyperthermia. 2023;40(1):2241686. doi: 10.1080/02656736.2023.2241686.
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the menstruation recovery after two therapeutic regimens, high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) or uterine artery embolization (UAE) combined with ultrasound-guided suction curettage, for premenopausal women with cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy patients with CSP treated with HIFU followed by ultrasound-guided suction curettage and 63 patients with CSP treated with UAE followed by ultrasound-guided suction curettage in our hospital were retrospectively reviewed. The treatment parameters and the menstrual blood loss (MBL) volume at 6 months after the two therapeutic regimens were compared between the two groups.
RESULTS: There was no significant difference in treatment results between the two groups. With regard to postoperative MBL volume, 5 out of 70 patients in the HIFU group and 22 out of 63 patients in UAE group exhibited a reduction in MBL, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that hypomenorrhea was more likely to occur in the UAE group than in the HIFU group (UAE group vs. HIFU group; OR 11.328, 95% CI 3.158-55.871; p < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: Compared to UAE, HIFU has less influence on postoperative MBL volume, which may be a fertility-sparing option for patients with CSP.