Comprehensive Optimization of Western Blotting

Gels. 2023 Aug 14;9(8):652. doi: 10.3390/gels9080652.


Western blotting is one of the most extensively used techniques in the biomedical field. However, it is criticized by many researchers due to its considerable time consumption, multiple steps, and low method results. Therefore, we modified the steps of gel preparation, electrophoresis, electrotransfer, blocking, and gel cutting. First, we simplified the gel preparation step by premixing various reagents and varying the amounts of catalysts or radical generators, which shortened the entire process to 10 min. Second, we shortened the electrophoresis process to 35 min by modifying the formula of the electrophoresis running buffer. Then, we removed the hazard of methanol vapor by replacing methanol with ethanol in the electrotransfer buffer. Finally, the use of polyvinylpyrrolidone-40 shortened the blocking procedure to 10 min. Our modifications shortened the time, improved the experimental productivity, and minimized the experimental cost without hindering compatibility with most existing equipment. The entire experiment up to primary antibody incubation can be completed within 80 min.

PMID:37623107 | PMC:PMC10453944 | DOI:10.3390/gels9080652


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