Comput Struct Biotechnol J. 2023 Aug 16;21:4149-4158. doi: 10.1016/j.csbj.2023.08.010. eCollection 2023.
Functionalized nanotubes (NTs), nanosheets, nanorods, and porous organometallic scaffolds are potential in vivo carriers for cancer therapeutics. Precise delivery through these agents depends on factors like hydrophobicity, payload capacity, bulk/surface adsorption, orientation of molecules inside the host matrix, bonding, and nonbonding interactions. Herein, we summarize advances in simulation techniques, which are extremely valuable in initial geometry optimization and evaluation of the loading and unloading behavior of encapsulated drug molecules. Computational methods broadly involve the use of quantum and classical mechanics for studying the behavior of molecular properties. Combining theoretical processes with experimental techniques, such as X-ray crystallography, NMR spectroscopy, and bioassays, can provide a more comprehensive understanding of the structure and function of biological molecules. This integrated approach has led to numerous breakthroughs in drug discovery, enzyme design, and the study of complex biological processes. This short review provides an overview of results and challenges described from erstwhile investigations on the molecular interaction of anticancer drugs with nanocarriers of different aspect ratios.