Controlled Growth of Platinum Nanoparticles on Amorphous Silica from Grafted Pt-Disilicate Complexes

ACS Omega. 2022 Dec 6;7(50):47120-47128. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.2c06262. eCollection 2022 Dec 20.

ABSTRACT

Supported platinum nanoparticles are currently the most functional catalysts applied in commercial chemical processes. Although investigations have been performed to improve the dispersion and thermal stability of Pt particles, it is challenging to apply amorphous silica supports to these systems owing to various Pt species derived from the non-uniform surface structure of the amorphous support. Herein, we report the synthesis and characterization of amorphous silica-supported Pt nanoparticles from (cod)Pt-disilicate complex (cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene), which forms bis-grafted surface Pt species regardless of surface heterogeneity. The synthesized Pt nanoparticles were highly dispersible and had higher hydrogenation activity than those prepared by the impregnation method, irrespective of the calcination and reduction temperatures. The high catalytic activity of the catalyst prepared at low temperatures (such as 150 °C) was attributed to the formation of Pt nanoparticles triggered by the reduction of cod ligands under H2 conditions, whereas that of the catalyst prepared at high temperatures (up to 450 °C) was due to the modification of the SiO2 surface by grafting of the (cod)Pt-disilicate complex.

PMID:36570269 | PMC:PMC9773926 | DOI:10.1021/acsomega.2c06262

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