PLoS One. 2022 Nov 21;17(11):e0277184. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0277184. eCollection 2022.
In this study, two different feeds were treated to produce hydrocarbons: (1) reagent-grade acetone, and (2) mixed ketones obtained from lignocellulosic biomass via the carboxylate platform. Acetone and mixed ketones underwent catalytic self-condensation over HZSM-5. For acetone, HZSM-5(80) was used, and the experiments were conducted in two sets: (1) vary temperature (305-415°C) at P = 101 kPa (abs) and weight hourly space velocity (WHSV) = 1.3 h-1; (2) vary WHSV (1.3-7.9 h-1) at T = 350 and 415°C, and P = 101 kPa (abs). For acetone over HZSM-5(280), the experiments were conducted in two sets: (1) vary WHSV (1.3-6.5 h-1) at T = 415°C, and P = 101 kPa (abs); and (2) vary WHSV (1.3-11.8 h-1) at P = 790 kPa (abs) and T = 415°C. For mixed ketones, HZSM-5(280) was used at WHSV = 1.9 h-1, T = 430-590°C, and P = 101 kPa (abs). For acetone at higher temperatures, the conversion was 100% and the liquid products were aromatics centered on C8. At low temperatures, conversion was less and the carbon liquid distribution was centered on C9 (mainly mesitylene). For mixed ketones, catalyst deactivation was higher causing product concentrations to change over time, and the highest conversion reached was 40%.