Cooperative chemoenzymatic synthesis of N-heterocycles via synergizing bio- with organocatalysis

Sci Adv. 2022 Sep 9;8(36):eadd1912. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.add1912. Epub 2022 Sep 7.

ABSTRACT

Inspired by Nature’s ingenuity, considerable progress has been made in recent years to develop chemoenzymatic processes by the integration of environmentally friendly feature of biocatalysis with versatile reactivity of chemocatalysis. However, the current types of chemoenzymatic processes are relatively few and mostly rely on metal catalysts. Here, we report a previously unexplored cooperative chemoenzymatic system for the synthesis of N-heterocycles. Starting from alcohols and amines, benzimidazole, pyrazine, quinazoline, indole, and quinoline can be obtained in excellent yields in water with O2 as the terminal oxidant. Synthetic bridged flavin analog is served as a bifunctional organocatalyst for the regeneration of cofactor nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide in the bioprocess and oxidative cyclodehydrogenation in the chemoprocess. Compared to the classical acceptorless dehydrogenative coupling strategy, being metal and base free, requiring only water as solvent, and not needing atmosphere protection were observed for the present method, exhibiting a favorable green and sustainable alternative.

PMID:36070374 | DOI:10.1126/sciadv.add1912

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