Sci Rep. 2023 Sep 13;13(1):15146. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-42094-1.
The present work describes the synthesis of copper immobilization on CoFe2O4/MCM-41 as a catalyst, which is created by attaching copper and ligand (N-phenyl anthranilic acid (PA)) on the surface of CoFe2O4/MCM-41 (CoFe2O4/MCM-41/PA/Cu). The synthesized CoFe2O4/MCM-41 support and immobilized copper were identified by FTIR, TEM, VSM, SEM XRD, and nitrogen adsorption-desorption analysis. The results showed that MCM-41 silica was coated with magnetite nanoparticles and copper was successfully immobilized on this structure. The catalytic performance of synthesized catalyst was tested in the synthesis of tetrazole. It was shown that the solid catalyst exhibited a strong magnetic response and showed good catalytic activity in the synthesis of tetrazole. The catalytic test showed that copper supported on CoFe2O4/MCM-41 hybrid showed much better catalytic activity than copper supported on CoFe2O4, indicating that MCM-41 plays an important role in CoFe2O4/MCM-41 hybrid for the synthesis of tetrazole. Separation of the solid catalyst from the reaction mixture was easily performed by external magnetism without apparent mass loss. And the catalyst could be reused six times for the synthesis of heterogeneous tetrazole.