Cultivation of Pseudochlorella pringsheimii for biodiesel production in a scalable indoor photobioreactor: case studies from Egypt

J Genet Eng Biotechnol. 2023 Mar 2;21(1):25. doi: 10.1186/s43141-022-00450-0.


BACKGROUND: Enhancement of lipid accumulation is the major strategy to improve the commercial feasibility of microalgae as a source for biodiesel production. Pseudochlorella pringsheimii (Formally was named as Chlorella ellipsoidea) green microalgae strain was chosen with respect to their ability as a potential source to produce high lipids content, could be used for the production of biofuel, which can be an alternative renewable energy source instead of fossil fuels.

RESULTS: Initially, the Pseudochlorella pringsheimii microalgae was evaluated on the basis of tested at Lab scales 2 L by applicable different nutrient individual of N, P, Fe conditions in BBM medium concentrations for choosing the best concentrations induce lipid contents and productivity to cultivate in large scale in the 2000 L PBR. The suitable concentrations of nutrients with highest lipid contents were obtained under deficient of nitrogen (1.25 gL-1, limited N) and phosphorus (0.1 mg L-1, limited P) coupled with high iron concentration (10 mg L, rich Fe) and CO2 (6%). Therefore, their collective of nutrients was applied to culture of microalgae cells at large scale in 2000 L photobioreactor (PBR model), which, this techniques was used to quantify high lipid contents (25% w/w) and high lipid productivity (74.07 mgL-1 day-1). The inducted lipid conversion to biodiesel via transestrification process was 91.54 ± 1.43%. The fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs profile by means of GC/MS resulted in C16:0, C18:1, C18:2, C18:3 as a main constituents. With regard to physical-chemical property (such as density, kinematic viscosity, gravity, and certain number), the Pseudochlorella pringsheimii biodiesel have biofuel properties, in accordance with appropriate biodiesel properties, as ASTM and EU standards, that thereby referring to high quality biodiesel.

CONCLUSIONS: Pseudochlorella pringsheimii cultured in large scale in photobioreactor under stress condition have a high potential of lipids production with high quality of FAMEs that can be used as a promising biodiesel fuel. It has also a potential to be applied for commercialization based on the techno-economic and environmental impacts.

PMID:36862240 | PMC:PMC9981844 | DOI:10.1186/s43141-022-00450-0


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