Data Brief. 2022 Jun 6;43:108354. doi: 10.1016/j.dib.2022.108354. eCollection 2022 Aug.
Antibiotics on H2 producing bacteria shall be considered as being one of the critical elements in biological H2 production utilizing livestock manure as raw resources. Despite the fact that the manure stands a significance role in bio-fermentation, the possibility of antibiotics being contained in excreta shall not be eliminated. Findings of whether the above saying might threaten the safety of bio-H2 production needs to be further studied. The experiment subjects include: six single and three combined antibiotics were tested and analyzed by the application of the gradient experiment method. Along with the H2 production rate, CHO content, pH and OD600 were used to analyze the effects of various antibiotics introduction on the hydrolysis, fermentation and H2 production. To a further extent, four typical representative samples were selected for biodiversity analysis from the single antibiotic experiment groups. Amounting more than 6000 pieces of data were obtained in a series of experiments. Data suggested that remarkable measure of antibiotics have various degrees of H2 production inhibition, while some antibiotics, Penicillin G, Streptomycin Sulfate, and their compound antibiotics, could promote the growth of Ethanoligenens sp. and improve H2 yield in the contrary. Correspondent to the transition of key metabolic intermediates and end products, the mechanism of each antibiotic type and dose on H2 production were summarized as follows: the main inhibitory mechanisms were: (1) board-spectrum inhibition, (2) partial inhibition, (3) H2 consumption enhancement; and the enhancement mechanisms were: (1) enhance the growth of H2-producing bacteria, (2) enhanced starch hydrolysis, (3) inhibitory H2 consumption or release of acid inhibition. Meanwhile, data analysis found that the effect of antibiotics on H2 producing was not only related to type, but also to dosage. Even one kind of antibiotic may have completely opposite effects on H2-producing bacteria under different dosage conditions. Inhibition of H2 yield was highest with Levofloxacin at 6.15 mg/L, gas production was reduced by 88.77%; and enhancement of H2 yield was highest with Penicillin G at 7.20 mg/L, the gas production increased by 72.90%.