ACS Omega. 2022 Sep 26;7(40):35825-35833. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.2c04026. eCollection 2022 Oct 11.
An efficient and green methodology to assemble various functionalized naphthalimide-centered acridine-1,8-dione derivatives involving a one-pot multicomponent protocol has successfully been developed. Herein, a variety of aromatic aldehydes, 1,3-diketones, 1,8-naphthanoic anhydride, and hydrazine hydrate have been condensed under a reusable, inexpensive, and biodegradable deep eutectic solvent (DES) of N,N’-dimethyl urea and l-(+)-tartaric acid to obtain the desired targets under operationally mild reaction conditions with outstanding conversions. Strikingly, in this strategy, the DES plays a dual role of a catalyst and solvent and was recycled efficiently in four consecutive runs with no substantial drop in the yield of the desired product. Interestingly, the easy recovery and high reusability of the DES make this simple yet efficient protocol environmentally desirable. Moreover, the preliminary photophysical properties of thus-prepared valuable molecules have also been investigated by ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) and fluorescence spectroscopy.