Design, modeling and control of a hybrid grid-connected photovoltaic-wind system for the region of Adrar, Algeria

Int J Environ Sci Technol (Tehran). 2022 Aug 1:1-28. doi: 10.1007/s13762-022-04426-y. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

The use of fossil energy for electricity production is an evident source of pollution, global warming and climate change. Consequently, researchers have been working to shift toward sustainable and clean energy by exploiting renewable an environmentally friendly resources such as wind and solar energies. On the other hand, energy security can only be achieved by considering multiple resources. Large-scale renewable energy power plants are a key solution for diversifying the total energy mix and ensuring energy security. This paper presents a contribution to diversify the energy mix in Algeria and help mitigate power shortages and improve grid performance. In particular, the paper aims at designing and modeling a large-scale hybrid photovoltaic-wind system that is grid connected. An innovative control approach using improved particle swarm optimized PI controllers is proposed to control the hybrid system and generate the maximum power from the available wind and solar energy resources. Furthermore, economic, environmental and feasibility studies of the project were conducted using HOMER software to assess the viability of the system and its contribution to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

PMID:35938092 | PMC:PMC9341423 | DOI:10.1007/s13762-022-04426-y

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